Betting with the House

He’s been making the country safe for the growing casino industry.

Let our journalists help you make sense of the noise: Subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily newsletter and get a recap of news that matters.

Politics and big business usually go hand in hand, and as the freshman congressman from Las Vegas, John Ensign (R-Nev.) represents a truly big business.

As an industry, casino gambling pulled in $470 billion in wagers last year, an increase of 15 percent over 1994 and roughly 20 times what Americans spent on movies, sporting events, concerts, and theme parks combined. Nevada alone accounts for half of all casino betting in the country.

Ensign’s ties to gambling go beyond politics. His father, Michael S. Ensign, is a former casino owner and current vice chairman of Circus Circus Enterprises, one of the nation’s largest hotel and casino empires. The younger Ensign even managed two of his father’s casinos before they were sold to Circus Circus.

So it was a sure bet Ensign would be a major player on the Hill. It didn’t take him long to hit the jackpot: a seat on the House Ways and Means Committee. As Ensign faces re-election, the money is rolling in. According to FEC records, he has topped all other House freshmen in 1995-96 so far, raising more than $319,000 from PACs. Add another $454,000 from wealthy individuals, and, with other monies, by July 2 of this year, Ensign had reported raising $819,654.

Jon Ralston, who publishes “The Ralston Report,” a biweekly newsletter on Nevada politics, estimates Ensign will raise about $1.5 million to defend his seat this year, a fifth of which may come from the gambling industry.

Ensign represents these donors well. This year he strongly opposed a bill to create a national commission to investigate gambling, and last year he backed an amendment to levy corporate income taxes against Indian casinos, traditionally the gaming companies’ biggest rivals.

Bob Coffin, Ensign’s Democratic opponent this November, intends to make Ensign’s PAC money a campaign issue. He also claims that several Las Vegas contractors have told him they can’t donate to his campaign, for fear Circus Circus might use its economic clout against them.

Says Coffin, “[Ensign’s] family has a lot of power in this town, and they’re putting a lot of pressure on people.”


Headshot of Editor in Chief of Mother Jones, Clara Jeffery

It sure feels that way to me, and here at Mother Jones, we’ve been thinking a lot about what journalism needs to do differently, and how we can have the biggest impact.

We kept coming back to one word: corruption. Democracy and the rule of law being undermined by those with wealth and power for their own gain. So we're launching an ambitious Mother Jones Corruption Project to do deep, time-intensive reporting on systemic corruption, and asking the MoJo community to help crowdfund it.

We aim to hire, build a team, and give them the time and space needed to understand how we got here and how we might get out. We want to dig into the forces and decisions that have allowed massive conflicts of interest, influence peddling, and win-at-all-costs politics to flourish.

It's unlike anything we've done, and we have seed funding to get started, but we're looking to raise $500,000 from readers by July when we'll be making key budgeting decisions—and the more resources we have by then, the deeper we can dig. If our plan sounds good to you, please help kickstart it with a tax-deductible donation today.

Thanks for reading—whether or not you can pitch in today, or ever, I'm glad you're with us.

Signed by Clara Jeffery

Clara Jeffery, Editor-in-Chief

payment methods

We Recommend